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Exploring the Museums of Moscow, Russia

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Tretyakov Gallery

This fine art museum is one of the largest museums in the world, and exists in one of the oldest districts of Moscow. It has thousands of specimens throughout the years, representing Russian art in all periods from the 11th through 20th centuries. Displays range from drawings, paintings, sculptures, photographs, conceptual art and other objects. One major theme of the artwork is “social realism” during the Soviet totalitarian era of the 1930s through 1950s.

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Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts

This museum has six buildings, four of which are located at its main area at Volkhonka Street. It hosts a wide range of foreign art that ranges from ancient times to the modern era. There is a wide range of plaster casts of ancient, medieval and Renaissance sculptures, as well as many original pieces from all over the world.

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Moscow Kremlin

The famous Moscow Kremlin is a fortified historic complex that is located in the center of the city, by many other important sites. The complex has four palaces, four cathedrals, and is enclosed by the Kremlin wall. The president of Russia resides in the Kremlin. It has a rich history that dates back to the 2nd millennium BC, and has been through many different periods. In terms of the museum collections, there are over 60 thousand historical, cultural and artistic monuments, on permanent and rotating display.

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Historical Museum

The State Historical Museum is located in the Red Square, and has exhibits from different eras of the millennia. Though it is focused on Russian history, there are many different exhibits from the greater Eurasian area. Those who are not very familiar with Russian may have a difficult time navigating this museum.

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Paleontology Museum

Moscow holds the world’s largest paleontological institute, which is affiliated with the Russian Academy of Sciences. There are exhibits from all over the former Soviet Union and from the rest of the world. Some of the displays include Mongolian dinosaurs, Precambrian fossils, and tertiary mammals.

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Lenin’s Mausoleum

This display is often known as Lenin’s Tomb, and is located in the Red Square of Moscow. It contains Vladimir Lenin’s embalmed dead body, ever since his death in 1924. Spectators often say he looks like something out of a wax museum. The staff have to keep up the corpse to keep it presentable, working on it every day by moisturizing the skin and injecting preservatives under the clothes. It is a heavily guarded site that is always very crowded.

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