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Ten Biggest Countries on Earth

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10. Sudan

Size: 2,505,810 km2 (967,243 mi2)

Located in northeastern Africa, Sudan is both the largest African and largest Arab nation. About half of the country can be used for agriculture. However, due to extensive warfare, along with excess hunting and soil erosion, much of the land has suffered the consequences. Sudan borders several nations, including the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Egypt. It also lies in the Red Sea to the north east, but is otherwise bordered by land. The Nile flows through much of the country. Its largest cities include Omdurman, Khartoum and Port Sudan.

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9. Kazakhstan

Size: 2,717,300 km2 (1,048,877 mi2)

Kazakhstan is located in Asia, and is the largest landlocked nation. It has a very diverse territory, which ranges from flat lands, steppes, taigas, hills, snow capped mountains and deserts. Though a huge country, it is sparsely populated with only 16.4 million people. Its borders include Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. A large portion of the country is on the Caspian Sea. Its largest cities include Almaty, Karaganda and Chimkent.

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8. Argentina

Size: 2,766,890 km2 (1,068,019 mi2)

Argentina is the largest Spanish-speaking country. Its borders include Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil, Uruguay and Chile. The country lies in between the Andes mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. It has some of the tallest mountains in South America, like Cerro Aconcagua. The Andes region itself consists of grape vineyards, glacial mountains and the Lake District. The Lake District itself has many glaciers, lakes, fjords and volcanoes. Other parts of the country are plains or plateaus. Its land is probably most famous for Patagonia. Argentina’s largest cities are Buenos Aires, Cordoba and Rosario.

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7. India

Size: 3,287,590 km2 (1,269,009 mi2)

India is a South Asian country that is the second most populated nation, after China. It lies on the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. Its borders include Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Much of India is located on the Indian tectonic plate, as it is crushing up into the rest of the Asian continent. In the northern part of India lie the Himalayan mountains, which are the tallest mountains on earth. There is also a large desert region, the Thar Desert. Its biggest cities are Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore.

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6. Australia

Size: 7,686,850 km2 (2,967,124 mi2)

Australia is located in the South Pacific Ocean of the Southern Hemisphere, and consists of the mainland, Tasmania and several other islands. It is considered the world’s largest island, depending on your definition of island. Though it doesn’t have proper borders with other nations, it’s in proximity to Indonesia, East Timor and the Solomon Islands, among other islands.  The country is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It is in proximity to the Great Barrier Reef, the biggest coral reef on earth. The country also contains Mount Augustus, which is the world’s largest monolith. Most of the country is considered the outback, which is an arid desert. This territory makes Australia the world’s flattest and driest continent. This is only averaging though. Apart from this, there is also rain forest, wood forest and grasslands. Its largest cities are Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane.

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5. Brazil

Size: 8,511,965 km2 (3,285,618 mi2)

Brazil is the largest country in South America, taking up about half of the continent. It is the largest Portuguese speaking country, as well as the fifth most populous. It has a very long coastline along the Atlantic Ocean. Its borders include Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and more. Its legal territory also encompasses several archipelagos. Much of its climate is tropical. The Amazon River flows through much of Brazil. Brazilian land is most famous for the Amazon Rainforest, which is extremely species-rich. The largest Brazilian cities are Sao Paulo, Rio de Janiero and Salvador.

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4. China

Size: 9,596,960 km2 (3,704,426 mi2)

China is the largest Asian country, and is the most populated country on earth, with about 1.3 billion people. It lies on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea and South China Sea. It has almost every type of terrain, such as plains, deserts, mountains, steppes, plateaus and subtropical basins. The western part of the country is more vast and barren. Its climate ranges from subtropical to subarctic. China has one tenth of the world’s arable land, but it suffers from high rates of pollution. China borders Mongolia, Russia, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos and others. Its biggest cities are Shanghai, Beijing and Canton.

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3. United States

Size: 9,631,418 km2 (3,717,727 mi2)

The United States is the third largest country by both land and population. The country lies on both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, as well as the Great Lakes and the Gulf of Mexico. Alaska, the largest state, reaches up to the Arctic Ocean. The US borders Mexico and Canada. The Mississippi River flows through the middle of the country from north to south. On the East Coast, there are many deciduous forests, mountains and hills, as well as some flat lands and swamps. There is also a Great Plains region, which is a flat, fertile prairie in the middle area of the United States. The Western United States has some mountain ranges like the Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevadas. There are also deserts, mostly in the southwest (but not in the east). Much of the coastal Pacific Northwest is considered a temperate rainforest. This country has an extremely diverse ecology. The biggest cities in the United States of America are New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago.

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2. Canada

Size: 9,984,670 km2 (3,854,082 mi2)

Canada takes up the majority of northern North America, and touches the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic Oceans. It has the world’s largest border, with the US. Though huge, has one of the lowest population densities in the world. The north is hardly uninhabited; it’s mostly just visited by scientists to survey the land. Canada has more lakes than any other country on earth. The inner parts of the country are prairies, that have very harsh, windy winters. In the central and northern parts of Canada, snow will cover the terrain for up to six months of the whole year. Canada also has many active volcanoes and earthquakes. Most of the population lives near the border of the continental US. Its largest cities include Toronto, Montreal and Calgary.

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1. Russia

Size: 17,075,200 km2 (6,591,027 mi2)

Russia is the biggest country in the world, by far! It is located in Europe and Asia, or Eurasia. In Europe, it borders many countries, including Norway, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus and Finland. In Asia, it borders countries like China, Mongolia and North Korea. Russia has one ninth of the world’s total area, and is the ninth most populous nation. The country goes through 11 different time zones. It also contains the largest reserves of mineral and energy resources, as well as 25% of the world’s unfrozen fresh water. Russia has 40 national parks and 101 nature reserves. Much of southern Russia is a steppe, and much of northern Russia is deep forest, and then there is a large tundra area if you go further north. Its mountain ranges include the Caucasus, Altai and Ural. Russia lies on the Arctic and Pacific oceans, as well as the Baltic Sea, Sea of Avov, and the Black and Caspian Seas. There are thousands of other rivers and bodies of water. The Volga flows through Russia, which is the largest river in Europe. The biggest Russian cities include Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Novosibirsk (Novosibirsk is located in Siberia).

Comments

2 thoughts on “Ten Biggest Countries on Earth

  1. Re No 6 Australia

    Mount Augustus (in Western Australia)is a monocline NOT a monolith. Uluru (Ayres Rock) in Northern Territory Australia is a monolith (also the biggest).
    In broad terms a monolith does not support vegetation, a monocline does, albeit scrub.

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